{{:freedomofpreswh.jpg|}} {{:redmultilith.jpg?300|}} == This site is devoted to the history of late 20th century radical and community printing collectives and co-ops in the UK; the poster collectives, the service printers and typesetters, the print resource centres. The presses were part of a network: activists in organisations wrote and designed the books, pamphlets, posters, newspapers and leaflets which they needed to further the cause. Typesetters and printers produced them. Activists, distribution cooperatives and independent bookshops distributed them. These printshops were not of course the first 'radical printers', there is a long and rich history of this, from the workshop of Giles & Elizabeth Calvert in the 17th century to the Fabian and Anarchist presses of the late 19th century (and onwards) to the 20th century printshops of the organised left. And today? Still activists, still people keying in content and a few presses (eg Calverts, Aldgate, Upstream, Footprint), still sympathetic distributers (Turnaround, AK, Bookspeed) and a few remaining radical independent bookshops (eg Housmans, Freedom, News from Nowhere). There is also a fascinating resurgence of activist screen-printing (eg Occuprint). But to a huge extent the internet provides the means for radical communications. Update 2018: The site was set up in 2009 by Jess Baines as an open access wiki to enable those that were once involved in the printshops to upload material and stories in order to create a growing and publicly available resource about this history. At the time there was very little available on the subject and Jess was starting to research the history within an academic context (see bottom of page for more info - and link to writing she has since done on the subject). The site was online until 2013 with several ex-printshop members, as well as Jess adding content and it became a useful resource for a wide range of people. However there were problems! The open access nature of it meant that spambots could highjack pages with other content (porn, jewellery sales, yoga.. you name it) and an increasing amount of time was spent trying to manage this. Eventually Jess decided to take the site offline until a better system, possibly different wiki software could be found - and the time to do it. That while became a few years. A better system has not yet been worked out, nor the time to overhaul the site, but a growing interest in this history has led to several request to reinstate it, hence its re-appearance. However the only way to avoid the previous problems, in the short term, has been to close the option to register as an editor. (If you registered previously you will still be able to edit and add content). The longer-term aim is to produce a book about the history of the printshops, and the site to be developed as an online accompaniment. The printshops have been divided up into four categories; service printers, community printshops, poster collectives and women's printshops. Some appear in more one than one category. The service printers basically did the printing for you, the community printshops showed you how to do it and the poster collectives... designed posters. Radical typesetters have their own heading. There is a separate resources section (scroll down this page) for digital archives of related documents, pamphlets, articles ===== radical service printers ===== * [[Aberdeen People's Press]] * [[Aldgate Press]] * [[Blackrose Press]] * [[Calverts North Star Press]] * [[Fly Press]] * [[Footprint Workers Co-op]] * [[Fingerprints]] * [[Lasso - Design, Typesetting & Artwork Coop]] * [[Little a]] * [[Lithosphere]] * [[Onlywomen Press]] * [[Paupers' Press]] * [[Rochdale Alternative Press]] * [[Rye Express]] * [[Spiderweb]] content to come * [[Suburban Press]] * [[Trojan Press]] * [[War on Want]] * [[Women In Print]] ===== community printshops ===== * [[Community Press]] * [[CopyArt]] * [[Chat's Palace Printshop]] * [[Crest Press]] * [[Greenwich Mural Workshop]] * [[Lenthall Road Workshop]] * [[North One Press]] * [[Paddington Printshop]] * [[Stepney Community Print Workshop]] * [[Union Place]] ===== poster collectives ===== * [[Docklands Community Poster Project]] * [[Lenthall Road Workshop]] * [[Poster-Film Collective]] * [[See Red Women's Workshop]] * [[The Poster Workshop 1968-1971]] ===== women's printshops ===== * [[Lenthall Road Workshop]] * [[Moss Side Community Press]] * [[Onlywomen Press]] * [[Sheffield Women's Printing Co-operative]] * [[See Red Women's Workshop]] * [[Women In Print]] ===== radical typesetters ===== * [[Bread & Roses]] * [[Dark Moon]] * [[Lasso - Design, Typesetting & Artwork Coop]] * [[Leveller]] * [[Range Left Photosetters]] * [[Red Lion Setters]] ===== resources ===== * {{:agitpopcatweb.pdf|}} (Exhibition catalogue of **Agitpop 1968-2008**, Londonprintstudio) * {{:anti-nuclear_press.pdf|}} (**The Alternative Public Realm: The Organisation of the 1980s Anti-Nuclear Press in West Germany and Britain** by John D Downing) * {{:devofunderdevcomedia.pdf|}} (**The Alternative Press: The Development of Underdevelopment** by Comedia) * {{:authorproducerbenj.pdf|}} (**The Author as Producer** by Walter Benjamin) * {{:constitmediatheory.pdf|}} (**Constituents of a Theory of the Media** by Hans Magnus Enzensberger) * {{:arbeiter_illustrierte.pdf}} (**The Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung in Weimar Germany** by Charlotte Morton) * {{:communist_pressbritain.pdf|}} (**The Communist Press in Britain 1920-24** by J Ure Smith) * {{:the_working-class_press.pdf|}} (**The Working-class Press: Radical and Revolutionary Alternatives** by Colin Sparks) * {{:copy-this.pdf|}} (**Copy This! A Historical Perspective On the Use of the Photocopier in Art** by John A Walker) * {{:use_or_ornament.pdf|}} (**Use or Ornament? The Social Impact of Participation in the Arts** by Francois Matarasso) * {{:freedomofpressbelongs.pdf|}} (**The Freedom of the Press Belongs to Those Who Control the Press** by Jess Baines) ===== external links ===== * **Article: Radical printshops** (Baines 2010) [[]] * **Article: Radicals co-opting the Gestetner** (Cushing 2010) [[]] * **Article: Screen printing & politics** (Cushing 2009) [[]] * **The International Institute of Social History** [[]] * **Kate Sharpley Library.** Exists to preserve and promote anarchist history [[]] * **IRR Black History Collection.** Institute of Race Relations archive (1950s-80s) of printed material from black community and grassroots groups [[]] * **Black Cultural Archive.** Collections include material from late twentieth century radical politics in UK [[]] * **Feminist Library (UK based).** Archive of Women’s Liberation Movement literature [[]] * **Women's Library (UK based).** Holds extensive historical collection of feminist publications [[]] * **Working Class Movement Library (UK based)** [[]] * **Bishopsgate Library (UK based)** Collections of Co-op & Labour Movement, radicalism & protest materials [[]] * **Glasgow Caledonian University.** Significant collection of radical materials [[]] * **LibCom.** Online libertarian resource and community. Includes good historical and archive sections. [[]] * **Big Flame online.** History of the UK libertarian Marxist organisation, Big Flame (1970-1984). [[]] * **56a Infoshop.** London Radical Social Centre. Houses substantial archive. [[]] * **Alliance of Radical Booksellers.** [[]] * **Housemans.** London radical booksellers since 1945 [[]] * **Freedom Press.** Anarchist bookshop and publisher. London. [[]] * **News from Nowhere.** Liverpool radical & community booksellers since 1974 [[]] * **Left on the Shelf.** Specialist online second hand bookseller of material on all topics to do with Socialism [[]] * **AK Press.** Worker run book publisher and distributor organized around anarchist principles [[]] * **Central Books.** Independent Distributor of Books & Magazines [[]] * **Radical Routes.** Network of radical co-ops whose members are committed to working for positive social change * **Grassroots Feminism.** Ongoing transnational feminist archive [[]] * **Justseeds/Visual Resistance Artists' Cooperative** [[]] * **Anarchist Media Project.** Free downloadable graphics, badges, posters, etc [[]] * **Inkworks Press.** U.S based Radical Printshop started in 1974. Poster archive on site [[]] * **Docspopuli.**'dedicated to documenting and publishing oppositional artwork of the late 20th century' [[]] * **Women in Print.** Oral history project about U.S radical feminist printshops (1960-1985) [[]] ===== current printshops in UK ===== * **Manchester Area Resource Centre** [[]] * **Footprint Workers Co-op. Leeds** [[]] * **Calverts. London** [[]] * **Aldgate Press. London** [[]] * **Upstream. London** [[]] * **Thread Me (garment printing co-op). Leeds** [[]] * **Resource Centre. Brighton ** [[]] * **Community Print Resources. Nottingham ** [[]] * **Sabcat Printing. Pelsall** [[]] * **Russell Press. Nottingham** [[]] ===== other current printshops ===== * **Occupy Print**[[]] * **Radix Media. New York ** [[]] ===== more about ===== This wiki was initiated by Jess Baines as a parallel project to more formal academic research about the history of the UK radical printshop collectives and co-ops. The impetus partly came from the excitement I was witnessing about the potential of 'new media', particularly web-based, to 'democratise' the means of communication and representation - to me this was exactly the ambition of some of the radical print projects that began in the 1970s. The other driver was the realisation — prompted by the 30th birthday of Calverts Press in 2007 — was that the diverse proliferation of 'alternative' printshops (co-ops/community/collectives) that existed through the 1970s and 80s had disappeared not only without a trace but //before// web-based and internet communications had been seriously adopted by the printshops typical user groups. What happened? What conjunction of economic/political/cultural/technical/personal factors were responsible? The academic project, was done as a part-time PhD in the Media & Communication Department at London School of Economics, started in 2008 and was completed in 2016. The 'data' about the printshops was primarily drawn from interviews with numerous ex-participants and examination of archive materials. It is called //Democratising print? The field and practices of radical and community printshops in Britain 1968-98//. It can be downloaded here: [[]]. I have also written several much smaller pieces that relate to the history of the printshops (including one about the wiki) which due to current technical issues with site aren't uploaded here. They can be obtained via my page on [[]] You can get in touch via the contact form (top right). //Jess Baines//

start.txt · Last modified: 2018/09/05 13:51 by jessbai
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